Checking Compression

General problems, repairs and maintenance. Fix squeaks, rattles, etc

Moderator: mrray13

User avatar
Site Admin
Posts: 3285
Joined: Mon Nov 22, 2010 12:46 pm
Location: Allendale, MI
PostPosted: Mon Feb 21, 2011 5:18 pm
Compression Pressure Minimum 965 kPa (140 psi). The lowest reading should not be less than 70 percent of the highest reading.

Engine Compression Test

Special Tools

EN 39313 - Spark Plug Port Adapter

For equivalent regional tools, refer to Special Tools (See: Engine, Cooling and Exhaust\Engine\Tools and Equipment).

A compression pressure test of the engine cylinders determines the condition of the rings, the valves and the head gasket.

1. Run the engine until it reaches normal operating temperature. The battery must be at or near full charge.
2. Turn the engine OFF.

Important: Remove the powertrain control module (PCM) and the ignition fuse from the instrument panel (I/P) fuse block.

3. Disable the ignition.
4. Disable the fuel systems.
5. Remove the spark plugs from all cylinders.
6. Remove the air duct from the throttle body.
7. Block the throttle plate in open position.
8. Measure the engine compression, using the following procedure:

1. Thread the EN 39313 - adapter into the spark plug hole.
2. Thread the compression gauge into the EN 39313 - adapter.
3. Have an assistant crank the engine through, at least 4 compression strokes, in the testing cylinder.
4. Check and record the readings on the gauge at each stroke.
5. Remove the compression gauge from the EN 39313 - adapter.
6. Remove the EN 39313 - adapter from the spark plug hole.
7. Repeat the compression test for each cylinder.

9. Record the compression readings from all of the cylinders.

o The lowest reading should not be less than 70 percent of the highest reading.
o No cylinder reading should be less than 965 kPa (140 psi).

10. The following are examples of measurement problems:

o When the compression measurement is normal, the compression builds up quickly and evenly to specified compression on each cylinder.
o When low compression is caused by the piston rings, compression is low on the first stroke and tends to build up on the following strokes, but does not reach normal. Compression improves considerably with the addition of oil. Use approximately 3 squirts of oil from a plunger-type oiler.
o When low compression is caused by the valves, the measurement is low on the first stroke and does not build up even with the addition of oil.
o Leaking head gaskets will provide the same results as worn valves but engine coolant may be identified in the crankcase. In addition, a leaking head gasket will give low readings on paired cylinders.

11. Remove the block from the throttle plate.
12. Install the air duct to the throttle body.
13. Install the spark plugs.
14. Install the powertrain control module (PCM).
15. Install the ignition fuses to the I/P fuse block.
Hi my name is Travis and I have an addiction, an addiction to anything and everything dealing with v6 camaros. :wave:

****T.O.P. SNIPER****
User avatar
Full Blown Post Whoring Vet
Posts: 7564
Joined: Wed Jan 12, 2011 12:18 pm
Location: Clarkston, Michigan
PostPosted: Mon Feb 21, 2011 5:52 pm
WOW 140 PSI. That is some good compressions reminds me of a couple snowmobiles that were running around.
for my build check here... ..........................................................TEAM LLT

Return to General Maintenance and Tech Issues

Who is online

Users browsing this forum: No registered users and 1 guest